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Machakos County

Machakos County borders Embu, Murang’a and Kiambu counties to the north, to the west Nairobi and Kajiado counties to the west; Makueni county to the south; and to the East Kitui county. The county has area of 6208.2 Km² most of which is semi-arid. It lies between latitudes 0º45´South and 1º31´South and longitudes 36º45´East and 37º45´East.

According to the to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing census, the county has a population of 1,098,584. The Kenya National Bureau of Statistics has projected a total population growth of 1,238,650 in 2015 and 1,289,200 in 2017.

Machakos County has very unique physical and topographical features. Hills and a small plateau rising to 1800-2100m above sea level constitute the Central part of the County. To the West, the County has a large plateau elevated to about 1700m which South-East is sloping. The County rises from 790 to 1594 m above sea level. In the North West the County has stand-alone hills.

Machakos County is the home for Yatta plateau which is situated within the Yatta Sub County which Sub County has a land mass of 1,057 Km².

The forests cover an area of 477.617Km2 which is 7.6 per cent of the County’s total land. The forests are categorized as gazetted and un-gazetted. The gazetted forest covers 606.97 ha while the un-gazetted cover 1774 ha. These forests are distributed in various parts of the County.

The main forest products are firewood, charcoal, timber for building and construction, poles and posts. Other forest products include production of honey both for domestic and commercial purposes and wood carving in Wamunyu.

The hilly areas of the County such as Iveti, Kathiani and Muumandu are prone to soil erosion due to the nature of the landscape

The County is not exempted from this degradation. This is particularly so because the County is the main supplier of sand. It is also the home of most of the cement factories that supply cement across the entire county, East African region and COMESA. This obviously has a negative impact on the environment particularly the quality of water because of the emissions and discharges from these industries.

In addition, most of the locals use firewood and charcoal as the source of fuel. This has led to deforestation in various areas thus leading to expansive soil erosion. The most affected areas are Kibauni forest, Yathui, and Muumandu hills

The County has a number of tourist attraction sites which have not been exploited due to poor road networks, and inadequate funding. The major tourist attractions include Ol Donyo Sabuk National Park, Iveti hills scenery, Kyamwilu gravitational defying area and the wood carving in Wamunyu.

The County is home to various animals which are in and outside the park. The main wildlife include, Zebra, Wildbeast, Eland, Giraffes, Thomson’s Gazelle, Grant Gazelle, Elephants , Buffalo, Waterbuck, Lion, Cheetah, Leopard, Warthogs, Ostriches, Impalas, DikDik, ,Hyena, and Reedbucks.


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