City Counties

Mombasa County is the smallest county in Kenya, covering an area of 229.7 km2 excluding 65 km2 of water mass. The county is situated in the South Eastern part of the former Coast Province. It borders Kilifi County to the North, Kwale County to the South West and the Indian Ocean to the East. Administratively, the county is divided into seven divisions, eighteen locations and thirty sub-locations.

The County has 65 KM2 water mass and an Exclusive Economic Zone extending 200 nautical miles into the Indian Ocean. There are 14 fish landing sites and one fish processing plant. The County’s fisheries potential of 994,718 tones has not been fully optimized.

Nairobi County borders Kiambu County to the North and West, Kajiado to the South and Machakos to the East. The County has a total area of 696.1 Km2 and is located between longitudes 36o 45‘ East and latitudes 1o 18‘ South. It lies at an altitude of 1,798 metres above sea level.

The terrain in the eastern side of the County is gently rolling but divided by steep valleys towards the City boundaries. To the north, there is the Karura forest which is characterized by steep sided valleys. The Karen - Langata area is characterized by plains surrounded by Nairobi National Park on the east and Ngong Forest on the south. The three forests have a total coverage of 23.19 Km2.

Lamu County is located in North-Eastern Coast of Kenya. It consists of a mainland and the Lamu Archipelago. Covering a total land surface area of 6273.1 sq km, Lamu County borders Garissa to the North, the Indian Ocean to the South and South East, and Tana River to the South West and West. Lamu is generally hot throughout the year with average temperature of about 27 ̊C. The population of the county as projected in 2012 stands at 112,551 persons.

The main economic activities in the county include crop production, livestock production, fisheries, tourism and mining, most notably quarrying. Among the challenges facing Lamu is population growth owing to migration into Lamu from other parts of the country, fuelled partly by the anticipated opportunities accruing from the Lamu Port South Sudan-Ethiopia Transport (LAPSSET) Corridor. Other challenges include landlessness and poor land management, insufficient social services such as healthcare and education, inadequate supply of piped and fresh water, under-developed infrastructure, and food insecurity.

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