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Lamu County

Lamu County is located in North-Eastern Coast of Kenya. It consists of a mainland and the Lamu Archipelago. Covering a total land surface area of 6273.1 sq km, Lamu County borders Garissa to the North, the Indian Ocean to the South and South East, and Tana River to the South West and West. Lamu is generally hot throughout the year with average temperature of about 27 ̊C. The population of the county as projected in 2012 stands at 112,551 persons.

The main economic activities in the county include crop production, livestock production, fisheries, tourism and mining, most notably quarrying. Among the challenges facing Lamu is population growth owing to migration into Lamu from other parts of the country, fuelled partly by the anticipated opportunities accruing from the Lamu Port South Sudan-Ethiopia Transport (LAPSSET) Corridor. Other challenges include landlessness and poor land management, insufficient social services such as healthcare and education, inadequate supply of piped and fresh water, under-developed infrastructure, and food insecurity.


Lamu County is generally flat and lies between altitude zero and 50m above sea level, making it prone to flooding during the rainy seasons and periods of high tides. The main topographical features include coastal Island and Dudol plains, sand dunes and the Indian Ocean.

The county is endowed with substantial natural resources for economic development. These include over 5500km2 of arable land, large tracks of natural forest, rich diversity of fauna and flora, marine resources and minerals such as Titanium, salt, limestone, coral stones, cement rocks, sand, oil and natural gas.

Crop production is mainly undertaken on the main land, with main crops grown include: maize, cassava, peas and green grams. Fishing is the main economic activity for the residents of the Island.

Forests cover 11.5 per cent of total county land surface area.428 km2 of these forests or 64% of total forest cover is gazzeted, hence protected against commercial exploitation. These include 382 km2 of mangrove forest and 46 km2 of Witu forest. The non-commercial activities cover 280 km2 comprising of Lingi forest, Boni forest and Lake Kenyatta buffer zone.

The county enjoys unique advantage as tourist destination influenced by its rich diversity of cultural identity, home to several world heritage sites, fauna and flora. There are three 3 national reserves, two national parks and three private ranches which are home to several species of wild animals.

Uncontrolled environmental degradation and effects of climate change negatively impact on the socio economic development of the county. Human activity is the major contributor to environmental degradation in the county. These activities include deforestation through illegal logging, charcoal burning, forest clearing for agricultural activities, overstocking and subsequent overgrazing, illegal quarrying and water pollution through waste disposal.


The Tsavo Climate Challenge is a tree growing program of the Tsavo Heritage foundation, a charity duly registered in Kenya.


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