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Mombasa County

Mombasa County is the smallest county in Kenya, covering an area of 229.7 km2 excluding 65 km2 of water mass. The county is situated in the South Eastern part of the former Coast Province. It borders Kilifi County to the North, Kwale County to the South West and the Indian Ocean to the East. Administratively, the county is divided into seven divisions, eighteen locations and thirty sub-locations.

The County has 65 KM2 water mass and an Exclusive Economic Zone extending 200 nautical miles into the Indian Ocean. There are 14 fish landing sites and one fish processing plant. The County’s fisheries potential of 994,718 tones has not been fully optimized.


Natural drainage in Mombasa is mainly formed by semi-perennial rivers and streams. The county natural forest (mainly mangrove forests) cover is approximately 300 ha and 138 acres of agro-forestry. The County hosts three main mangrove forests that are protected b the Kenya Forests Service (KFS). The main products from the county’s mangrove forests are building materials and firewood for using by local communities.

The Indian Ocean and the shoreline are among notable physical features of the County. Climate is influenced by monsoon winds and rainfall pattern.

Wildlife in the county is found in marine ecosystems, natural terrestrial habitats and private sanctuaries. For instance, private nature trails operated by Bamburi Cement Factory have buffaloes, wildebeests, giraffes, hippopotamus, tortoise and a multiplicity of birds and butterflies.

Mombasa has been in existence for many centuries. A prosperous trading town in the 12th century and was a key node in the complex Indian Ocean trading networks. In the 16th century, its significance was recognized by some European powers hence construction of Fort Jesus by Portuguese.

In 2009, the total population of the County was 939,370 persons comprising 486,924 males and 452,446 females. Land tenure regimes are public, private and community owned.

As an ancient town, it hosts several tourist attractions including the Fort Jesus Museum (a UNESCO World Heritage site).

The County has numerous environmental challenges. Sewage disposal as a result of untreated effluents being discharged into the ocean is common. The sea beaches are being affected by waste oil. In addition, quarry operations in some areas of the County such as Bamburi, Ngomeni and Mkomani have left open pits that pose environmental hazards.


The Tsavo Climate Challenge is a tree growing program of the Tsavo Heritage foundation, a charity duly registered in Kenya.


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